Hyper-realistic sculptures made of silicone, hair, fabric, resin, oil and other stuff made these masterpieces a remarkable work of art. The Museo de Bellas de Artes de Bilbao or the Bilbao Fine Arts Museum is the home of these magnificent works of art. Museo Bilbao is located in Bilbao, Spain. It is the second largest and most visited museum in the Basque Country.
In the museum’s BBK Gallery, there displayed a selection of 34 works by 26 artists who represented most of this movement. The hyperrealistic displays were from 1973 to 2016 works. The first exhibition was aimed to provide in-depth information of human figuration spanning the more than five decades of hyperrealism’s existence.
The interest in realism began between the 1960s and 1970s based on vivid and life-like representation of human figures. The exhibit is divided into five parts: human replicas, monochrome sculptures, body parts, playing with size and deformed realities.
Human Replicas, as the name stands for itself, are an illusion of realism to the viewer. It functions as reflections to the person standing next to the replica. The figures will give you second thoughts whether what you’re seeing is authentic or just a replica. Duane Hanson and John De Andrea were pioneers of this type of movement during the 1960s.
Monochrome Sculptures were influenced by George Segal in the late 1950s. Instead of focusing on the reality-like structure, he focused more on the anonymity and aesthetic qualities of the figures. The absence of color reduced the effect of reality.
Body Parts as hyper-realistic sculptures were introduced by various artists during 1990s. Instead of creating a figure as a whole, they’ve focused their attention on specific body parts which support messages on certain occasions with hints of humor. British artist John Davies was one of the first to draw attention to this trend as he made a life-size head figure which seemed to refer to fragments of classical sculptures.
Playing with Size is the drastic reduction or enlargement of figures. This one centers on the existence of life which includes birth and death. A new perspective in life is shown in this art.
Lastly, Deformed Realities is about the change of understanding of reality over the past decades. Twisted bodies and distorted figures were representatives of this art.